India-Algeria Relations
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Embassy of India
Algiers

India-Algeria Bilateral Relations (As on 10 June 2018)

Political Relations

            The diplomatic relationship between India and Algeria was established in 1962, the year Algeria gained independence from colonial rule.  Since the beginning, the relations between the two countries have been warm and cordial. Both countries have been supporting each other on vital issues at bilateral and multilateral levels.

Important bilateral visits

Visits to India

Presidents : (i)Mr. Chadli Bendjedid, April 1982; (ii) Mr. Chadli Bendjedid,1983; (iii) Mr. Chadli Bendjedid,1987; (iv) Mr. Abdelaziz Bouteflika, as Chief Guest at the Republic Day celebration, 24-29 January 2001.

Ministers : (i)Trade delegation, 1967; (ii) Mr. Abdelaziz Bouteflika, Foreign Minister, July 1974; (iii) Mr. Hadj Haoussine, Vice Minister for Chemicals and Petro-Chemical Industries, 1-8 April 1985; (iv) Mr. Mohamed Aberkane, Vice Minister for Cooperation, 16-21 March 1986; (v) Dr. Ahmed Taleb Ibrahimi, Minister of External Affairs and Mrs. Ibrahimi, 25-30 January 1988; (vi) Mr Hachimi Nait-Djoudi, Minister for Transport and Telecommunications, 28 April to 1 May 1992 (vii) Mr. Ahmed Attaf, Foreign Minister, to attend the NAM Ministerial meeting, April 1997; (viii) Dr. Youcef Yousfi, Minister of Energy & Mines, 15-19 June 1999; (ix) Mr. Bakhti Belaib, Minister of Trade & Commerce (26 Member delegation), to participate in the G-15 Trade Ministers’ Conference in Bangalore, 17-18 August 1999; (x) Dr. Abderkane Mohammed, Health Minister, 26-28 September 2001; (xi) Mr. Abdelmalek Sellal, Minister of Transport, for the 8th session of the Indo-Algerian Joint Commission, 8-10 October 2003; (xii) Mr. Taib Louh, Minister of Justice, to attend the 16th International Conference of Chief Justices at Lucknow, 7-13 October 2015; (xiii) Mr. Bakhti Belaib, Minister of Trade & Commerce (trade delegation), to participate in 3rd India-Africa Trade Ministers’ Meeting and 3rd India-Africa Summit in New Delhi, 23 October 2015; (xiv) Mr. Bakhti Belaib, Minister of Trade & Commerce and Mr. Abdelkader Messahel, Minister of Maghreb Affairs, the African Union and the League of Arab States, on behalf of President Bouteflika, to participate in the 3rd India – Africa Forum Summit Meeting, New Delhi, 29 October 2015; (xv) Dr. Salah Kehbri, Minister of Energy to attend 4th India-Africa Hydrocarbon Conference, New Delhi, 21 January 2016. (xvi) Minister of Energy Mustapha Guitouni participated in the 16th International Energy Forum Ministerial Meeting, in New Delhi, India, from 10 to 12 April.

Visits to Algeria

Vice Presidents : (i) Dr. Zakir Hussain, June/July 1964; (ii) Dr. Mohammad Hidayatullah, 30 Oct.-2 Nov. 1979; (iii) Shri Hamid Ansari with spouse Smt. Salma Ansari, 17-19 October 2016

Prime Ministers : (i) Smt. Indira Gandhi, NAM Summit, September 1973 (ii) Shri Rajiv Gandhi, June 1985

Ministers :  (i) Shri Dinesh Singh, Commerce Minister, September 1967; (ii) Sardar Swaran Singh, Defence Minister, 27 May – 2 June 1970; (iii) Shri P. Ramachandran, Energy Minister, December 1978; (iv) Shri K.D. Malaviya, Minister of Petroleum & Chemicals, 3-8 December 1974; (v) Shri Yashwantrao Balwantrao Chavan, Foreign Minister,  June 1976; (vi) Shri A.B. Vajpayee, Foreign Minister, 25-26 June 1979; (vii) Shri Madhavrao Scindia, Minister of State for Railways, 21-23 April 1986; (viii) Smt. Mohsina Kidwai, Minister of Urban Development for 25th Anniversary celebrations of Algerian Independence, 3-7 July 1987; (ix) Shri R.L .Bhatia, Minister of State for External Affairs, 10-12 October 1993; (x) Shri R.L .Bhatia, Minister of State for External Affairs,19-22 January 1996; (xi) Smt. Kamala Sinha, Minister of State for External Affairs, 12-13 September 1997, (xii) Shri Omar Abdullah, Minister of State for Commerce, to co-chair the 7th session of India-Algeria Joint Commission Meeting, 24-26 June 2000; (xiii) Shri Jaswant Singh, External Affairs Minister, 23-25 October 2000; (xiv) Shri E. Ahamed, Minister of State for External Affairs, to participate in the 17th Summit of the Arab League (as Observer), 20-23 March 2005; (xv) Shri Murli Deora, Minister of Petroleum & Natural Gas, 20-22 April 2007; (xvi) Shri Jitin Prasada, Minister of State for Road Transport and Highways, as Special Envoy to PM, 4-6 May 2011; (xvii) Shri E. Ahamed, Minister of State for External Affairs, 16-18 April 2013; (xviii) Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman, Minister of State for Commerce & Industry, for 9th Session of India-Algeria Joint Commission Meeting and to represent India as the “Guest of Honour” at the 2015 Algiers International Fair, 25-26 May 2015; (xix) Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Balyan, Minister of State for Agriculture, as Special Envoy of PM, 11-13 July 2015.

Parliamentary delegations: (i)7 Member Parliamentary Goodwill delegation led by Dr. C.D. Pande, 14-18 December 1965;  (ii) High level delegation led by Smt. Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, Member of Parliament, on the occasion of Fourth Anniversary of the Proclamation of Independence of Algeria, 3-7 July 1966; (iii) Smt. Prashawati Gupte, Member of Parliament, visited from 24 Feb to 2 March 1986 to participate in 10th Anniversary of SADR (iv) Shri Anand Sharma, Member of Parliament, from 18 to 19 and 21 to 22 May 1988 to participate in the 15th Anniversary of Polisario (v) 4 member Parliamentary delegation led by Prof. Vijay Kumar Malhotra, 1-3 February 2002.

Bilateral Agreements

India has signed the following agreements with Algeria:

  1. Phyto-sanitary Agreement.
  2. Veterinary Sanitation Protocol Agreement
  3. Air Service Agreement
  4. Agreement between Press Trust of India and Algerian Press Service
  5. Agreement on Cooperation in Small and Medium-scale Enterprises
  6. Cultural Exchange Program
  7. MoU of Foreign Office Consultations
  8. MoU between AIR and Algerian National Radio, and
  9. MoU between Doordarshan and Algerian National Television

 

Economic and Commercial Relations

Bilateral trade between India and Algeria had shown significant growth from US$ 55 million in 2001 to US$ 3.33 billion in 2011.  In 2017 it came down to US$ 1.846 billion, mainly due to fall in international oil prices coupled with fall in Algeria’s hydrocarbon exports to India and various measures taken by Algerian to curb imports due to falling revenues of the government.  India’s exports to Algeria in 2017 were US$ 0.920 billion and imports from Algeria was US $  0.861 billion. 

The following table provides statistical figures of India’s trade with Algeria over the previous 10 years: (US$ million)

 

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

'11

'12

'13

'14

'15

'16

'17

Indian exports

423

442

755

805

772

1084

1101

1305

1196

1115

920

985

Algerian exports

651

958

1287

265

1565

2307

1067

815

626

259

510

861

Total

1074

1400

2042

1070

2337

3391

2168

2120

1822

1374

1430

1846

Major import items from India: chickpeas, milk powder, rice, spices, Automobiles spare parts, agricultural and industrial machinery and equipment (Tractors and Transformers) with restrictions, pharmaceuticals, mobile phones and cosmetic products.

Major export items to India: Oil, gas, lubricants and phosphate.

Indian companies in Algeria:

Public Sector:  Engineers India Ltd., IRCON International Ltd. and Telecommunications Consultant of India (TCIL) are executing projects related to their respective fields.

Private Sector: L&T, KEC International and Kalpataru are active in power transmission sector. Other companies like Vijay Electricals, an Indian company manufacturing power transformers, Dodsal Engineering and Construction FZE, Construction company Shapoorji Pallonji and.  Indian pharmaceutical companies like Zydus Cadila, Dabur, Sun Pharma, Cipla, and Hetro Drugs are present in Algeria.  Pharmaceutical companies like Pharmaccess are executing Engineering, Production and Construction (EPC) projects for Algerian companies.

Recent bilateral events

A symposium on the topic “India- Algeria Trade Relations-Challenges and Opportunities ahead” organized by Embassy of India was held on 03 March 2016 at Hotel Hilton, Algiers which was attended by more than 60 persons including eminent Algerian and India Businessmen, senior officials from Algerian Chamber of Commerce and Ministry of Commerce.

13 Indian companies showcasing a wide variety of Plastics Machinery and Plastic raw materials, packaging materials participated in “Plast and Printpack Alger 2016”  Exhibition which took place in Algiers from 5-7 April 2016 at Safex (Exhibiton Centre), Algiers.

The Embassy of India participated in International Bazaar in Hotel Hilton on 21 May 2016 by putting up a stall for promotion of Indian Tea.

A 13 member CAPEXIL (Chemical and Allied Products exports promotion council)  delegation from India comprising of Indian businessmen from Ceramics, granite, printed books, glass beads, rubber conveyer belt companies visited Algeria from 27th to 31st August 2016.

            Three Algerian satellites (ALSAT-1B, ALSAT-2B and ALSAT-1N) were successfully launched by Indian launch vehicle PSLV C-35 from Sriharikota on 26 September 2016.

Vice President of India paid a State Visit to Algeria from 17 to 19 October 2016.

Twenty five Indian companies manufacturing and supplying equipment and accessories for pharmaceutical plants participated in the Fifth International Exhibition for the Pharma Industry North Africa titled 'Maghreb Pharma Expo - 2016' from 8-10 November, 2016 at Algiers.  Amongst the foreign participants, India was next to France (35 companies).

A Buyer-Seller Meeting (BSM) was organized by Plastics Exports Promotion Council (Plex-council) of India on 7 November 2016 in Algiers

Twenty five Pharmaceutical companies participated in the annual Maghreb Pharma expo held from 8 to 10 November 2016 in Algiers.

A Two membered Algerian Delegation from Ministry of National Defence participated in AERO India 2017 exhibition which took place in Air Force Station in Yelahanka, Bengaluru from 14 to 18 February 2017

Seven Indian companies participated in Equip Auto Fair 27 February-3 March 2017 in Algiers as arranged by ACMA.

Embassy of India in Algiers organized a marketing event/interaction for Algerian tourist operators and travel agents in the Embassy premises on 05 April 2017.  More than 12 Algerian companies participated in the event. The embassy gave a presentation on Tourist Visa and facilities provided to group travel and other tourists from Algeria for tour operators. 

Smt. Sushma Swaraj, External Affairs Minister held a telephonic discussion with Algerian Foreign Minister Abdelkader Messahel on 14 August 2017.

Algerian Foreign Minister Abdelkader Messahel met on 23 September, 2017 in New York on the sidelines of the 72nd session of the United Nations General Assembly, with EAM. EAM thanked Messahel for Algeria’s support to Justice Dalveer Bhandari for the ICJ election.

A 27 member FIEO Business delegation from India visited Algiers from 13 to 15 January, 2018 and participated in Business seminar and B2B meetings with their Algerian counterparts.

            Algerian Minister of Energy, Mustapha Guitouni participated in the 16th International Energy Forum Ministerial Meeting, held in New Delhi from 10 to 12 April 2018.

Cultural

On the occasion of 70th Anniversary of Independence of India:

  1. A 5-member Odissi dance group led by danseuse Radhika Samson visited Algeria from 16 to 21 September 2017. The group performed in Algiers, Oran, Constantine and Setif in front of large number of appreciative audience.
  2. A 10-member Rhytmosaic dance group led by Dr. Mitul Sengupta visited Algeria from 17 to 22 December 2017. The Group performed in Algiers, Constantine, Tlemcen and Oran in front of large number of appreciative audience.

Indian Community

            Indian Diaspora in Algeria is very small.  There are about 5700 Indians working in various projects and establishments serving the country. Most of them are workers in Indian/local companies executing local contracts.

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